The work is scored for 2 sopranos, 2 mezzo-sopranos, 2 tenors, a baritone, 2 basses, a large SATB chorus, and an orchestra of strings and woodwinds only, no brass or percussion. Principal roles are Sonja Schlesin, Mahatma Gandhi, Hermann Kallenbach and Parsi Rustomji. The title refers to Gandhi's concept of nonviolent resistance to injustice, Satyagraha, and the text, from the Bhagavad Gita, is sung in the original Sanskrit. In performance, translation is usually provided in supertitles. Akhnaten is an opera in three acts based on the life and religious convictions of the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV),  written by the American composer Philip Glass in 1983.The libretto is by Philip Glass in association with Shalom Goldman, Robert Israel, Richard Riddell and Jerome Robbins. According to the composer, this work is the culmination of his two other biographical operas, Einstein on the Beach (about Albert Einstein) and Satyagraha (about Mahatma Gandhi).
These three people Akhenaten, Einstein and Gandhi were all driven by an inner vision which altered the age in which they lived, in particular Akhenaten in religion, Einstein in science, and Gandhi in politics. The text, taken from original sources, is sung in the original languages, linked together with the commentary of a narrator in a modern language, such as English or German. Egyptian texts of the period are taken from a poem of Akhenaten himself, from the Book of the Dead, and from extracts of decrees and letters from the Amarna Period, the seventeen-year period of Akhenaten's rule. Other portions are in Akkadian and Biblical Hebrew.
Akhnaten's Hymn to the Sun is sung in the language of the audience. Here is some info from discogs about each. Label: CBS Masterworks I3M 39672.
Format: 3 × Vinyl, LP, Stereo Box Set. Scene 1: The Kuru Field Of Justice. Scene 2: Tolstoy Farm (1910). Scene 3: The Vow (1906). Scene 1: Confrontation And Rescue (1896).Scene 2: Indian Opinion (1906). Act III - King / Newcastle March (1913). Made By CBS Grammofoonplaten B.
Published By Dunvagen Music Publishers, Inc. Recorded At RCA Recording Studios. Mixed At RCA Recording Studios. Recorded At Digital By Dickinson.Pressed By CBS, Haarlem 01-39672. Kallenback, Prince Arjuna Robert McFarland. Bass Vocals [Parsi Rustomji, Lord Krishna] Scott Reeve. Bassoon Bernadette Zirkuli, Cyrus Segal. Cello Alla Goldberg, Bruce Rogers, Charles Moss (2), Eleanor Howells, Esther Gruhn, Robert Gardner (3). Chorus New York City Opera Chorus. Clarinet John Moses, Larry Guy, Mitchell Estrin.
Clarinet, Bass Clarinet Aldo Simonelli. Conductor [Additional Conducting] Kurt Munkacsi, Michael Riesman. Contractor [For The Chorus] Randolph Peyton. Contractor [For The Orchestra] Secondo Proto. Design [Album Design] Geoffrey Winston, Thumb Design Partnership, London.Design [Booklet Design] Thumb Design Partnership, London. Directed By [Director] David Poutney. Double Bass Harold Shachner, James Brennand, Naoyuki Miura, Richard Beeson. Engineer [Digital Engineer] Mark Good. Engineer [Recording Engineer] Dan Dryden, Joe Lopes.
Flute Gerard Levy, John Wion. Flute, Piccolo Flute Florence Nelson (2). Libretto By [Book By] Constance DeJong, Philip Glass.Liner Notes [Notes On The Recording Of Satyagraha] Michael Riesman. Liner Notes [Satyagraha: Product Of A Great Soul] Robert T. Liner Notes [Satyagraha: The Sense Of Peace] Tim Page. Mixed By Dan Dryden, Kurt Munkacsi, Michael Riesman. Oboe Leonard Arner, Livio Caroli. Oboe, English Horn Doris Goltzer. Orchestra New York City Opera Orchestra.
Other [Chorus Coach] Joseph Colaneri. Other [Piano Guide Tracks] Lorene Forsyth. Photography By [All Other Photos] Jaap Pieper.
Photography By [Booklet Cover Photo] Johan Elbers. Photography By [Cover Photo] Harry M. Photography By [Photo Of Philip Glass On Page 6] Isabel Carlota Rodrigues. Producer Kurt Munkacsi, Michael Riesman. Set Designer [Set & Costume Design] Robert Israel.
Soprano Vocals [Miss Schlesen] Claudia Cummings. Text By [Vocal Text] Constance DeJong. Viola Donald Dalmaso, Jack Rosenberg, Jesse Levine, Laurance Fader, Robert Benjamin (4), Susan Gingold, Warren Laffredo. Violin Alan Martin, Alicia Edelberg, Anne Fryer, Barbara Long (2), Cora Gordon, Frederick Buldrini, Frederick Vogelgesang, Helene Shomer, Jack Katz (2), John Pintavalle, Junko Ota, Martha Marshall (2), Martha Mott, Meyer Schumitzky, Michale Gillette, Myra Segal, Nancy McAlhany, Otto Frohn, Secondo Proto, Shirley Siegelman, Yana Goichman, Yeugenia Pakman, Abram Kaptsan. Vocals [Chorus] Arthur Giglio, Barbara Lindon, Bridget Ramos, Catherine Williams (2), Deborah Saverance, Don Carlo (2), Don Henderson (5), Edward Zimmerman, Frank Burzio, George Bohachevsky, Glenn Rowen, Gori Eddinger, Harriet Greene, Harris Davis, John Lewis (21), Jonathan Guss, Kay Schoenfeld, Lee Bellaver, Lila Herbert, Louis Perry, Madeline Mines, Marie Young, Marilyn Armstrong, Maryann Rydzeski, Mervin Crook, Neil Eddinger, Randolph Peyton, Ray Morrison (2), Rita Metzger, Roxanne Onori, Stephen O'Mara, Susan Schafer.
SATYAGRAHA was commissioned by the City of Rotterdam, The Netherlands. World Premiere: September 5, 1980, Stadsschouwburg Theater, Rotterdam. Original production: The Netherlands Opera Company. Recorded and mixed at RCA Recording Studios, New York, N. Additional recording: Digital by Dickinson, Bloomfield, New Jersey.Digital multi-track supplied by Digital by Dickenson. Mastered [at] Masterdisk, New York, N. Records made in the Netherlands by CBS Grammofoonplaten BV. /Distribué en France par CBS Disques. Music published by Dunvagen Music Publishers, Inc. Other (Disc 1): IM 39673. Other (Disc 2): IM 39674. Other (Disc 3): IM 39675. Matrix / Runout (Runout side A, variant 1): AL 39673 1B. Matrix / Runout (Runout side B, variant 1): BL 39673 1A. Matrix / Runout (Runout side C, variant 1): AL 39674 1A.
Matrix / Runout (Runout side D, variant 1): BL 39674 1B. Matrix / Runout (Runout side E, variant 1): AL 39675 1B. Matrix / Runout (Runout side F, variant 1): BL 39675 1B. Matrix / Runout (Runout side A, variant 2): 01-39672-2A-1 AL 39673 1B MASTERDISK BK A. Matrix / Runout (Runout side B, variant 2): 01-39672-1B-1 BL 39673 1A MASTERDISK BK A.
Matrix / Runout (Runout side C, variant 2): AL 39674 1A 01-39672-1C-1 MASTERDISK BK A. Matrix / Runout (Runout side D, variant 2): BL 39674 1A 01-39672-2D-1 MASTERDISK BK A.
Matrix / Runout (Runout side E, variant 2): AL 39675 1A 01-39672-1E-1 MASTERDISK BK A. Matrix / Runout (Runout side F, variant 2): BL 39675 1B 01-39672-1F-1 MASTERDISK BK A. Matrix / Runout (Runout side A, variant 3): 01-39672-1A-1 AL·39673·1A MASTERDISK-BK A. Matrix / Runout (Runout side B, variant 3): BL·39673·1A 01-39672-1B-1 MASTERDISK·BK A.
Matrix / Runout (Runout side C, variant 3): AL·39674·1A 01-39672-1C-1 MASTERDISK·BK A. Matrix / Runout (Runout side D, variant 3): BL·39674·1A 01-39672-2D-1 MASTERDISK·BK A.Matrix / Runout (Runout side E, variant 3): AL·39675·1A 01-39672-1E-1 MASTERDISK·BK A. Matrix / Runout (Runout side F, variant 3): BL·39675·1B 01-39672-1F-1 MASTERDISK·BK A. Label Code (Cover): LC 0149.
Label Code (Labels): LC -0149. Style: Modern Classical, Minimal, Opera. Act I: Year 1 Of Akhnaten's Reign.
Prelude: Refrain, Verse 1, Verse 2. Scene 1: Funeral Of Amenhotep III. Scene 2: The Coronation Of Akhnaten. Scene 3: The Window Of Appearances. Act II: Year 5 To 15.
Scene 2: Akhnaten & Nefertiti. Act III: Year 17 And The Present.Scene 2: Attack & Fall. Recorded At The Living Room (2). Remixed At The Living Room (2). Pressed By CBS, Haarlem 01-42457. Choir The Stuttgart State Opera Chorus. Engineer Carlos Albrecht, Johannes Wohlleben, Martin Wieland. Engineer [Nyc] Don Christensen, Miles Green. Orchestra The Stuttgart State Opera Orchestra. Voice [Amon High Priest] Helmut Holzapfel.
Voice [Queen Tyre] Melinda Liebermann. Voice [The Daughters Of Akhnaten] Angelika Schwarz, Christina Wächtler, Geraldine Rose, Lynne Wilhelm-Könige, Maria Koupilová-Ticha, Victoria Schneider. Written-By [Libretto Assistance] Richard Riddell, Robert Israel, Shalom Goldman. An opera in three acts for orchestra, chorus and soloists. Music composed by Philip Glass.Libretto by Philip Glass in association with Shalom Goldman, Robert Israel and Richard Riddell. Vocal text drawn from original sources by Shalom Goldman. Recorded at Karlshohe Church & Tonstudio Bauer, Ludwigsburg, Germany. 12 LP-Box, comes with the cd-libretto. Rights Society: BIEM / STEMRA. Matrix / Runout (Runout Side A): 01-42457-1A-1 A.
Matrix / Runout (Runout Side B): 01-42457-1B-1 A. Matrix / Runout (Runout Side C): 01-42457-1C-1 A.
Matrix / Runout (Runout Side D): 01-42457-1D-1 A. Matrix / Runout (Runout Side E): 01-42457-1E-1 A. Matrix / Runout (Runout Side F): 01-42457-1F-1 A.
The item "PHILIP GLASS AKHNATEN & SATYAGRAHA 2 BOX SETS 6 LPS CBS MASTERWORKS 1985/87 EXC" is in sale since Friday, July 23, 2021. This item is in the category "Music\Vinyl Records".The seller is "macleod63" and is located in Galashiels. This item can be shipped to United Kingdom, Antigua and barbuda, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Bahrain, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, South Korea, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Barbados, Brunei darussalam, Cayman islands, Dominica, Egypt, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Grenada, French guiana, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Saint kitts and nevis, Saint lucia, Liechtenstein, Sri lanka, Macao, Monaco, Maldives, Montserrat, Martinique, Nicaragua, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Reunion, Turks and caicos islands, Aruba, Saudi arabia, South africa, United arab emirates, Ukraine, Chile, Bahamas, Colombia, Costa rica, Dominican republic, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Kuwait, Panama, Philippines, Qatar, El salvador, Trinidad and tobago, Uruguay, Russian federation.